3 edition of Hydrological effects of urbanization found in the catalog.
Hydrological effects of urbanization
Co-ordinating Council of the International Hydrological Decade. Sub-group on the Effects of Urbanization on the Hydrological Environment.
|Statement||prepared under the chairmanship of M. B. McPherson.|
|Series||Studies and reports in hydrology ;, 18|
|Contributions||McPherson, M. B.|
|LC Classifications||GB720 .C66 1974|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||280 p. :|
|Number of Pages||280|
|LC Control Number||76370433|
Urbanization has a significant effect on many of the processes that control streamflow (McCuen, ). Hydrological effects of urbanization include: (a) a higher proportion of precipitation appears as surface runoff; (b) catchment response to precipitation is accelerated and the lag time between precipitation and runoff is decreased; (c) peak. The hydrological effects of the urbanization scenarios were assessed using Flow Duration Curves (FDC), mean discharge (Q-mean) and Flood Frequency Curves (FFC). FFCs were developed using Log Pearson Type III (LP III) distributions fitted to 35 years of the annual maximum series in order to investigate flood risks at the downstream end of the Cited by:
THE GROUND'S HYDROLOGICAL RESPONSE Some of the most pronounced hydrological effects of urbanization are the changes in the runoff of precipitation water from the urban region. These changes are due to the fact that the natural drainage process, in which precipi-tation is converted to runoff, is completely changed in the urbanization process. (). Effects of urbanization variables on model parameters for watershed divisions. Hydrological Sciences Journal: Vol. 59, No. 6, pp. Cited by: 3.
Suggested Citation:"3 Hydrologic, Geomorphic, and Biological Effects of Urbanization on Watersheds."National Research Council. Urban Stormwater Management in the United gton, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / book. The application of current knowledge of the hydrologic effects of urbanization to the Brandywine should be viewed as a forecast of conditions which may be expected as urbaniza- tion pro&eds. By making such forecasts in advance of aetual urban development, the methods can be tested, data can be extended.
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Get this from a library. Hydrological effects of urbanization: report. [M B McPherson; Co-ordinating Council of the International Hydrological Decade. Sub-group on the Effects of Urbanization on the Hydrological Environment.].
Aspects of Hydrological Effects of Urbanization. Urbanization both alters and complicates the natural hydrologic cycle. However, the effects are often not consistent, but depend on the nature and magnitude of the urban influence.
The effects of urbanization on four aspects of the hydrologic cycle are examined: (1) Low flow; (2) total runoff; (3)infiltration; and (4) ground Cited by: Hydrological impacts of urbanization are assessed on catchments.
• High, low and mean flows were impacted at a threshold of a 10% impervious area. • Waste water treatment facilities highly impact low flow but also mean flow. • Urban landscape patterns help interpret the divergent impacts of by: book.
The application of current knowledge of the hydrologic effects of urbanization to the Brandywine should be viewed as a forecast of conditions which may be expected as urbaniza tion proceeds. By making such forecasts in advance of actual urban development, the methods can be tested, data can be extended,Cited by: ; Booth ) have long sought to describe the dynamics of hydrologic re-sponse to urbanization.
Applications of hydrological models that focus on the effect of urbanization on hydrology in the United States have been documented for a variety of geographic regions, such as the Piedmont (Hejazi and Moglen ).
systems wouldyield a comprehensive understanding of the hydrological impacts of roof water harvesting. The current study relies on literature review and conceptual analysis to investigate the effects of urbanization and roof water harvesting on on-site and downstream hydrology of water-limited by: Considering run off as prime effect of urbanization to the hydrological cycle in terms of water infiltration, the intention of the study is to contribute to a better understanding of the relation of the local hydrological parameters in urban areas to the physical transformation of land covers as impervious built ups and develop an.
Hydrological Impacts of Urbanization of Two Catchments in Harare, Zimbabwe Article (PDF Available) in Remote Sensing 6(12) December with Reads How we measure 'reads'. The effect of urbanization on the hydrosphere may also be defined in a broader sense. According to American geologists Savini and Kammerer; there are certain distinct phases of urbanization that might affect the hydrological cycle This phases can be.
Urbanization generally causes hydrologic change through increased imperviousness, increased connectivity (e.g., storm sewers), and increased delivery of pollutants.
Urbanization and Watershed Hydrology Urbanization Effects on Precipitation and Evapotranspiration For decades, it has been observed that urbanization commonly increases the storm runoff response to precipitation (Table 1) due to greater stormwater peaks generated by impervious surfaces.
OnlyCited by: Effect of urbanization on hydrological cycle. Sourced from Carlos, (a) Pre-urbanization; (b) Urbanization. Figure 3. Influence of urbanization on different components of the water cycle. Sourced from CWP, ties on water resources has contributed toits ineffi cient use and scarcity.
This paper looks at urbanization ofFile Size: 1MB. Hydrological effects of urbanization: report of the Sub-group on the Effects of Urbanization on the Hydrological Environment of the Co-ordinating Council of the International Hydrological Decade.
[M B McPherson; Co-ordinating Council of the International Hydrological Decade. Nelson et al. (Nelson et al. ) examined the effects of urbanization and climate change on fish populations by using PRMS.
Rather than relying on land-cover change models to produce continuous evolution of land cover, the derivation of information about urbanization in these examples is relatively by: There's no end to the effects that urbanization can have on water bodies.
Millions of people; landscape manipulation; waste material; dumping of chemicals and fertilizers; withdrawing water for peoples' uses. As you expect, urbanization rarely improves water quality, but in order to prevent problems.
Urbanization has profound impacts on the hydrological cycle. /books books Thomas Telford Publishing /gpiua Groundwater problems in urban areas Groundwater problems in urban areas Proceedings of the International Conference organized by the Institution of Civil Engineers and held in London, 2–3 June W.
Wilkinson. followed by decreased water quality, are the most visible effects of increased imperviousness. Greater frequency and severity of flooding, channel erosion, and destruction of aquatic habitat commonly follow watershed urbanization. Alterations in the aquatic environment associated with these hydrological changes greatly compromise the normal.
Hydrologic Effects of Urbanization. Changes in the landscape as a result of urbanization may affect the natural hydrology by: Increasing the peak flow rates of runoff. Figures and illustrate a relatively natural hydrologic condition compared with that of an urbanized one.
As a consequence of these cumulative changes in. Roof water harvesting is a potential source of water for domestic and livelihood uses in water-scarce urban areas of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, little is known about the hydrological impacts of incorporating roof water harvesting on on-site and downstream hydrology of urbanized catchments.
Therefore, the current review investigates the effects of urbanization Cited by: In this study, we carry out an assessment of the impact of urbanization on Butare, southern Rwanda and evaluate its effect on the hydrological process at the Migina catchment.
We used data from the meteorological stations of the Migina catchment, land-use maps of the region (obtained in and ) and GIS technology in order to analyse hydrological fluctuations Author: Olivier Clement Gatwaza, Xin Cao, Mukete Beckline.
Effects of Urbanization on the Geomorphology, Habitat, Hydrology, and Fish Index of Biotic Integrity of Streams in the Chicago Area, Illinois and Wisconsin Faith A. Fitzpatrick, Matthew W. Diebel, Mitchell A. Harris, Terri L. Arnold, Michelle A. Lutz, and Kevin D.
Richards.Much of the available evidence on the long-term hydrological effects of urbanization has been obtained through the application of hydrological models (Fletcher et al., ). Such models facilitate the manipulation of temporal and spatial physical changes in order to ascertain the resulting impacts on the simulated hydrological response, in Cited by: addition, it had a positive relation with the river level, and a reverse relation with urbanization.
Analysis of the hydrological response to urbanization Impact of urbanization on rainfall Urban heat island effect has led to an obvious increase of the .